rix_scaedu (rix_scaedu) wrote,
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rix_scaedu

Languary 2

So here we go with Day 2 of Languary.


Talking about the first person singular forms for verbs brings up the issue of pronouns.

The first person singular pronouns are:

Subjective       Objective               Possessive adjective     Reflexive

hay /heɪ/         hayer /heɪɜ/           haym /heɪm/                 hayerhay /heɪɜheɪ/

There are two first person plural pronouns. The first form refers to all of those present who are participating in or could participate in the conversation:

Subjective       Objective               Possessive adjective     Reflexive

hayk /heɪk/     hayker /heɪkɜ/       haykm /heɪkm/             haykerhay /heɪkɜheɪk/

The second form refers to those whom the speaker represents:

Subjective       Objective               Possessive adjective     Reflexive

huyk /haɪk/     huyker /haɪkɜ/       huykm /haɪkm/             huykerhuyk /haɪkɜhaɪk/

Both first person plural forms use the same verb forms which, using tark as our example are:

tark’k = we stop

tarkak = we are stopping

tarkyuk = we will stop

tarkayuk = we will be stopping

yutark’k = we plan to stop

yutarkak = we are planning to stop

yutarkyuk = we will plan to stop

yutarkayuk = we are going to be stopping/ we are planning to be stopping

tarkowk = we stopped

tarkaowk = we were stopping

yutarkowk = we planned to stop

yutarkaowk = we were planning to stop

yutarkowk = we had planned to stop

yutarkaowk = we were going to be stopping/ we were planning to be stopping

Note that when the basic verb form ends in ‘k’ the ‘k’ sound is supposed to be repeated and not extended in the simple present tense forms. In practice, in informal situations many speakers do not use the second ‘k’ sound in these cases.

When someone wants to indicate that they are speaking on behalf of a portion of those people present, the combined form haykhuyk   / heɪkhaɪk/ is used.

Tags: languary
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